Essential Services
Essential Services
This guide discusses industrial action as it relates to essential services, and includes definitions, and notice requirements of employers and unions.
The Employment Relations Act 2000 permits employees and employers in essential industries to
strike and lockout in certain circumstances.
Generally, striking or locking out will relate to either collective bargaining or health and safety.
The notice requirements of the Act are strictly interpreted.
Notice must be given and must be received by the employer. It is a matter of fact whether notice
is received.
In some circumstances notice may be posted.
Notice may be given electronically if the recipient has given approval to communicate electronically.
The provisions of the Electronic Transactions Act 2002 will apply to electronic communications.
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